“I dinna ken whaur I cam frae!” – The Mad Laird in Malcolm
Translation: “I don’t know where I came from!”
If you are just starting to read MacDonald’s novels, the Scotch dialect may have you as disoriented as the Mad Laird. This list should help.
It is the work of John Bechard, transcriber of the free digital version of Alec Forbes of Howglen at Gutenberg. It is a long list. You may want to search for specific words by using the Ctrl-F function in your web browser.
a',all; every,also have a' gait,everywhere, a' thing,everything; anything, abettin',abetting, a'body,everyone; everybody, aboon,above; up; over,also beyond; more than aboot,about, ac',act, accep',accept, accoont,account, accoontet,accounted, accoontit,accounted, accordin',according, acquant,acquainted, actin',acting, addin',adding, ado,stir; excitement, ae,one, aff,off; away; past; beyond, affeenity,affinity, affoord,afford, affront,affront; disgrace; shame, affrontit,affronted; disgraced,also ashamed; shamed afore,before; in front of, aforehan',beforehand, aften,often, aftener,more often, again',against, agen,against, agin,again, aglintin',twinkling; gleaming, Ahchan,Achan,reference to Joshua 7 aheid,ahead, ahin,behind; after; at the back of, ahin',behind; after; at the back of, ahint,behind; after; at the back of, aiblins,perhaps; possibly, aich,ach,also echo Aidam,Adam, aidin',aiding, aik,oak, ain,own,also one airch,arch, airm,arm, airms,arms,also coat of arms; crest airmy,army, airt,quarter; direction; compass point,also art airthly,earthly, aise,ashes, aith,oath, aither,either, alack,alas, alane,alone, alang,along, alloo,allow, allooance,allowance, allooed,allowed, allooin',allowing, alloos,allows, Almichty,Almighty; God, amaist,almost, amo',among, amunt,amount, an',and, anawtomy,anatomy, ance,once, ane,one,also a single person or thing aneath,beneath; under, Anerew,Andrew, anes,ones,also once anger,anger; make angry,also grieve angert,angered; angry,also grieved anither,another, appeteet,appetite, a'ready,already, arena,are not, arles,money paid as an earnest,also one's deserts; thrashing asclent,obliquely, aside,beside,also aside asides,beside; besides, as'll,as will, aspec',aspect, 'at,that, a'thegeether,all together, a'thegether,all together, a'thegither,all together, a'thing,everything; anything, athort,across; over; through, 'at's,that is; that has, attemp',attempt, atten'in',attending, attoarneys,attorneys, atween,between, aucht,eight; eighth,also ought; anything; own; possess; owed auchteen,eighteen, auld,old, auld-farrand,old-fashioned,also droll; witty; quaint ava,at all; of all,exclamation of banter; ridicule ava',at all; of all,exclamation of banter; ridicule awa,away; distant,also off; be off; go away awa',away; distant,also off; be off; go away awar',aware, awauk,awake, Awbrahawm,Abraham, awe,owe,also own aweel,ah well; well then; well, awfu',awful, awin,owing, ay,yes; indeed,exclamation of surprise; wonder aye,yes; indeed, ayont,beyond; after, ba',ball (snowball), baad,bad, backbane,backbone, backwater,too much water in a mill-lade,hindering the revolution of the wheel back-yett,back-gate, bade,did bide; waited, bairn,child, bairnie,little child,diminutive bairnies,little children,diminutive bairns,children, baith,both, band,bound, bane,bone, banes,bones, barkit,clotted; encrusted,hardened on the skin barrow,wheelbarrow, bauchles,old pair of shoes,also shoes down at the heel Baudrons,kindly designation for a cat, bauld,bold, bawbee,halfpenny, bawbees,halfpennies, beadin',beading, bearin',bearing, bearin's,bearings, beastie,beast; animal,diminutive to express sympathy or affection becomin',becoming, beeriet,buried, beet,boot, beginnin',beginning, begud,began, bein',being, bein's,beings, beir,bear, beirers,bearers, beirin',bearing; allowing, beirs,bears, bejan,first year's student,at a Scottish university bejans,first year's students,at a Scottish university belang,belong, belanged,belonged, believin',believing, belongin's,belongings, belongt,belonged, ben,in; inside; into; within; inwards,also inner room bena,be not; is not, ben-end,best room in the house,pertaining to a two-roomed house benn,in; inside; into; within; inwards,also inner room benn the hoose,in/into the parlour,best room of the house best-natered,best natured, bet,bit, beuk,book,also Bible beuks,books, bewaur,beware, bick,bitch, bicks,bitches, biddin',bidding, bide,endure; bear; remain; live,also desire; wish; bide bides,endures; bears; remains; lives,also stays for; bides bidin',enduring; bearing; remaining; living,also desiring; wishing; biding big,build, bigget,built, biggin,building, biggit,built, bigs,builds, bilin',boiling,also the whole quantity bin',bind, binna,be not; is not, birk,birch; birch tree, birken,birch (wood), birr,force; energy; violence, birstled,scorched, birthricht,birthright, bit,but; bit; morsel of food,also small; little--diminutive bit and sup,food and drink, bitet,bit,past participle of bite bitter,spiteful, bittie,little bit,diminutive bitties,little bits,diminutive blackin',blacking, blae,blue, blaeberries,blueberries, blast,blast,also use big words or strong language blastie,little blast; gust,diminutive blastin',blasting,also using big words or strong language blastit,blasted,also used big words or strong language blaud,spoil; injure; soil, blaudeth,spoileth,King James Bible style of speech blaudin',spoiling; injuring; soiling, blaudit,spoiled; injured; soiled, blaw,blow, blawin',blowing, blawn,blown, blazin',blazing, bleedin',bleeding, blin',blind, blinkin',shining; gleaming; twinkling, blinlins,blindly, blin'ness,blindness, blin's,blinds, blude,blood, bluid,blood, bluidy,bloody, boady,body, boasom,bosom, boatle,bottle (of whisky), bobbin',bobbing, boddom,bottom, bodies,people; fellows; folk, body,person; fellow,also body bonnie,good; beautiful; pretty; handsome, bonnier,better; more beautiful; prettier, bonniest,best; most beautiful; prettiest,also considerable bonny,good; beautiful; pretty; handsome, booed,bowed, bossie,large wooden bowl,serving bowl bothie,cottage in common for farm-servants, boucht,bought, boun',bound, brack,break, brackin',breaking, bracks,breaks, brae,hill; hillside; high ground by a river, braes,hills; hillsides; high ground by a river, braggin',bragging, braid,broad; having a strong accent, brak,break, brak',break, brakfast,breakfast, brakin',breaking, brat,child,term of contempt braw,beautiful; good; fine,also lovely (girl); handsome (boy) brawly,admirably; very; very much; well, breathin',breathing, breedin',breeding, breek-pooch,trouser pocket, breeks,breeches; trousers, breest,breast, breid,bread, breist,breast, briest,breast, brig,bridge, brigs,bridges, brimstane,brimstone, bringin',bringing, brither,brother, brithers,brothers; fellows, brithren,brethren; brothers, brocht,brought, brods,boards; (book covers), broo,brow; eyebrow,also brew; liquor broon,brown, brose,water; soup; meal; oatmeal pudding, broucht,brought, bruik,broke, brunstane,brimstone, brunt,burned, buckie,periwinkle,also trifle of no value bude,would prefer to; behoved,also must; had to buik,book,also Bible buikie,little book,diminutive buiks,books, buird,board, buirds,boards, bunce,bounce, burnie,little stream,diminutive burnin',burning, burnin's,burnings, burns,water; streams; brooks, buryin',burying,also funeral but,main room in a croft; outside,includes kitchen and storage; also but butt,main room in a croft; outside,includes kitchen and storage butt the hoose,into the house; into the kitchen, by gangs,passes by; goes by, by ordinar,out of the ordinary; supernatural,also unusual; exceptional by ordinar',out of the ordinary; supernatural,also unusual; exceptional bye and aboon,over and above, byganes,bygones, bykes,hives; swarms; crowds,also bees' or wasps' nests byous,exceedingly; extraordinary; very, byre,cowshed, byre-wa',cowshed wall, ca,drive; impell; hammer, ca',call; name, ca'd,called,also driven; impelled; hammered cadger,carrier; peddlar, cairt,card,also cart cairts,cards, calcleation,calculation, callan,stripling; lad,term of affection caller,fresh; refreshing; cool, cam,came, cam',came, camna,did not come, camstairie,unmanageable; wild; obstinate,also perverse cankert,cross; ill-humoured,also fretful can'le,candle, can'le-licht,candle-light, can'les,candles, canna,cannot,also cotton-grass canna-down,cotton-grass, cannie,cautious; prudent; shrewd; artful,also gentle; snug; pleasant canny,cautious; prudent; shrewd; artful,also gentle; snug; pleasant capawcity,capacity, carefu',careful, carin',caring, carl,man; clown; boor in manners; churl, carlin,old woman; shrew; hag, carr,calves, carritchis,catechism, carryin',carrying, ca's,calls, cast,thrown off; discarded (clothes),also appearance; aspect; lose colour; fade cast up,taunt; reproach, castin',casting, ca't,call it,also hammer it; impel it; hammer it catchin',catching, cat-loup,short distance; moment of time, caud,cold (illness), cauf,calf,also fool cauld,cold, 'cause,because, caution,security; guarantee, caw,drive; impell; hammer, cawed,driven; impelled; hammered, cawpable,capable, ceevil,civil, ceevily,civilly, 'cep,except; but, 'cep',except; but, chairge,charge, chait,cheat, change-hoose,alehouse; tavern, chap,knock; hammer; strike; rap, chappit,knocked; hammered; struck; rapped, chaumer,chamber; room; bedroom, cheap,thoroughly deserving, cheemistry,chemistry, cheerman,chairman, cheese,choose, cheir,chair, cheirs,chairs, chice,choice, chiel',child; young person; fellow,term of fondness or intimacy chield,child; young person; fellow,term of fondness or intimacy chimley,chimney, chimleys,chimneys, chokin',choking, chop,shop; store, chop-door,shop door, chowin',chewing, chowse,choose, chucken,chicken, civileezed,civilized, claes,clothes; dress, claik,cackle of a hen,also idle or false report claiks,cackles of a hen,also idle or false reports claisp't,clasped, clampit,made a noise of shoes when walking, clanjamfrie,low worthless people, clappit,patted; stroked; fondled,also pressed down clash,blow; slap; mess,also gossip; tittle-tattle; tale-bearing clave,cleaved, claver,talk idly or foolishly; gossip; chat, clean,altogether; entirely,also comely; shapely; empty; clean cleanin',cleaning, cleckit,hatched; born, cleuks,claws; hands; paws, clift,cleft, clippin',clipping; shearing (sheep), clood,cloud, cloods,clouds, cloot,clout; box (ear); beat; slap,also patch; mend clortit,besmeared; dirtied, close,narrow alley; blind alley,also enclosed land cloured,struck; indented; beat, cluds,clouds, cluiks,hands; claws; paws; clutches, clured,struck; indented; beaten, cnottie,little lump,diminutive coampliments,compliments, coatie,children's coat; petticoat, coats,petticoats, coch,coach, cockit,cocked, cogues,small wooden vessel, coguie,small wooden vessel,for holding milk (diminutive) collieshangie,uproar; squabble; outbreak, colliginer,college student,also college boy colliginers,college students,college boys comena,do not come, comin,coming, comin',coming, compaingon,companion, compairateevely,comparatively, compleen,complain, compleenin',complaining, compoon,compound, condeetion,condition, conduc',conduct, conductin',conducting, confoon',confound, conformin',conforming, conneckit,connected, consequens,consequence, consolin',consoling, consortin',consorting, contack,contact, conteenin',containing, conteens,contains, contred,contradicted; thwarted; crossed, contrivin',contriving; designing, convertin',converting, convertit,converted, coo,cow, cooardly,cowardly, cooncellor,councilor, coonsel,counsel, coont,count, coontenance,countenance, coonter,counter, coontit,counted, coonty,county, coorse,coarse,also course coortin',courting, copyin',copying, corp,body; corpse, corpus,corpse, corpuses,corpses, correck,correct, corrup',corrupt, cot,cottage, cottar,farm tenant; cottager, couldna,could not, coup,tilt; tumble; drink off, couples,rafters, couthy,kind; snug; comfortable; familiar, coverin',covering, cowerin',cowering, cowmon,common, crack,news; story; chat; gossip,also crack-brained crackin',cracking; thundering, cracklin',crackling, craik,to croak; cry out harshly; murmur, crap,top part,also crept crater,creature, craters,creatures, cratur,creature, cratur',creature, craturs,creatures, crawn,crowed, crayter,creature, creepie,(three legged) stool,a child's chair crew,crowed, creysh,grease, cried,called; summoned, crinkle-crankle,rustling and creaking, crisping,crackling,sound as ground under foot in a slight frost cronie,crony; friend; companion, crookit,crooked; bent; twisted, croon,crown, crumblin',crumbling, crunkle,crease; wrinkle; crumple, cruppen,crept, cryin',calling; summoning, cud,could, cudna,could not, cummummerate,commemorate, cupples,rafters, curbstane,curbstone, curfufflin',ruffling; disheveling, curst,cursed, cuttin',cutting, cuttit,cut; harvested, cutty-clay,short clay-pipe, dacency,decency, dacent,decent, daft,mentally deranged; delirious; silly, damnin',damning; condemning, dam't,damned, dang,knock; bang; drive,also damn darg,day's work,work done in a day dauner,stroll; saunter; amble, daun'er,stroll; saunter; amble, daur,dare; challenge, daured,dared; challenged, dauredna,did not dare; did not challenge, daurna,dare not; do not dare, daurs,dares; challenges, daursay,dare say, daw,dawn, Dawgon,Dagon; Philistine god,see 1 Samuel 5:2-7 dawtie,darling; pet,term of endearment Dawvid,David, daylicht,daylight, dazin',dazing; bemuddling, de,do, dealin',dealing, dearie,sweetheart; darling, deave,deafen, deceesion,decision, dee,do,also die deed,died,also deed; indeed 'deed,indeed, deedie,water in a mill race, deef,deaf, deein',doing,also dying deevil,devil, deevilich,devilish,also extraordinary; supernatural deevilry,devilry, deevils,devils, defamin',defaming, defen',defend, defyin',defying, deid,dead,also death deidly,deadly, deif,deaf, deil,devil,also not a de'il,devil,also not a Deil a bit!,Not at all! Not a bit!, deils,devils, dein',dying, deith,death, delicat,delicate, denner,dinner, denner-time,dinner time, deowty,duty, depairt,depart, depen',depend, depen'in',depending, deuke,duck, deycons,deacons, dictionar',dictionary, didna,did not, differ,difference; dissent,also differ dight,wipe; clean, din,sound; din; report; fame, ding,overcome; weary; vex,also drive; dash dingin',overcoming; wearying; vexing,also driving; raining/snowing heavily dinna,do not, direc,direct, direc',direct, direckly,directly; immediately, direcly,directly, dirk,dirk; dagger, dirl,thrill; tingle, dirrty,dirty, dis,does, discipleen,discipline, discoont,discount, discoorse,discourse, disinteresstitness,disinterestedness, disjaskit,worn out; fatigued; exhausted,also dejected; depressed disna,does not, displeesur,displeasure, displeesur',displeasure, disposin',disposing, disregaird,disregard, disrespeck,disrespect, dist,dust, disturbin',disturbing, disturbit,disturbed, div,do, divna,do not, divot,thin flat piece of sod; turf, dizzen,dozen, dochter,daughter, dochters,daughters, dochtna,could not, dockit,clipped, doctorin',doctoring, doesna,does not, doin',doing, doin's,doings, doited,foolish; stupefied; crazy, dominie,minister; schoolmaster,slightly contemptuous dominies,ministers; schoolmasters,slightly contemptuous doo,dove,darling--term of endearment dooble,double; duplicate,also double dealing; devious doobt,suspect; know; doubt,have an unpleasant conviction doobtfu',doubtful, doobtin',suspecting; knowing,also doubting doobts,suspects; knows,also doubts doom,doom; end; sentence, dooms,extremely; exceedingly; very, doom's,extremely; exceedingly; very; great, doon,down, dooncast,downcast, doonfa',downfall, doonhertit,downhearted, doonricht,downright, doonwith,downward, door-cheek,door-post; threshold; doorway, door-sill,threshold, doot,doubt,also suspect; suspect do't,do it, dottle,unconsumed tobacco in a pipe, douce,gentle; sensible; sober; prudent, doun,down, doup,bottom; backside; buttocks, dour,hard; stern; stiff; sullen, draan,drawn, draigon,dragon; also boy's paper kite,reference to Revelation 12-13 drap,drop; small quantity of, drappit,dropped, drappy,little drop; a little (liquor),diminutive drap's bluid,related by blood, drave,drove, drawers,chest of drawers, dreadfu',dreadful, dreamin',dreaming, drede,dread, dreidfu',dreadful; dreadfully, drift,snow driven by the wind, drinkin',drinking, drippin',dripping, drivin',driving, droon,drown, drooned,drowned, droonin',drowning, droons,drowns, droont,drowned, drouth,thirst; dryness,also drought drucken,drunken; tipsy, drunken,drank; drunk, dryin',drying, dub,mud; small pool of water, dubby,miry; muddy; dirty, duds,clothes; rags; tatters, dune,done, dune't,done it, dwin'lin',dwindling, dyin',dying, dyke,wall of stone or turf, ear',early, eatin',eating, Edam,Adam, edder,adder, edication,education, ee,eye, eebrees,eyebrows, eemage,image, een,eyes, eeran',errand, eesicht,eyesight; by all appearances, effecks,effects, efter,after; afterwards, efterhin,after; afterwards, efternoon,afternoon, efterwards,afterwards, eicht,eight; eighth, elbuck,elbow, elec,elect,chosen by God for salvation (Calvinism) elec',elect,chosen by God for salvation (Calvinism) eleck,elect,chosen by God for salvation (Calvinism) en',end, endeevour,endeavour, endeevours,endeavours, eneuch,enough, enlichten,enlighten, enterest,interest, entick,dam built across a river, everlastin',everlasting, exackly,exactly, excep',except, expec',expect, expecket,expected, expeckin',expecting, expeckit,expected, extrornar,extraordinary, eyther,either, Ezakiel,Ezekiel,book in the Old Testament fa',fall; befall, fac,fact; truth; reality, fac',fact; truth; reality, fa'en,fallen, faimily,family, fa'in',falling, faintin',fainting, Faith!,Indeed!; Truly!,exclamation fallow,fellow; chap, fallows,fellows; chaps, fand,found, fareweel,farewell, farmin',farming, farrer,farther, fa's,falls, fash,trouble; inconvenience; vex, fashous,troublesome; vexing, faul'd,folded, faun',found, faund,found, fause,false, faushion,fashion, fau't,fault; blame, fauts,faults, fau'ts,faults, fau't's,fault is, feared,afraid; frightened; scared, fearfu',fearful; easily frightened, fearsome,terrifying; fearful; awful, fecht,fight; struggle, fechtin',fighting; struggling, feckless,weak; feeble; incapable, feelin',feeling, feelin's,feelings, fegs!,truly!; really!; goodness!; faith!,mild oath; exclamation of surprise fell,very; potent; keen; harsh; sharp,intensifies; also turf; lot; destiny feow,few, ferm,farm, fess,fetch; bring, fest,fast, fin,find,also feel fin',find,also feel fin'in',finding; feeling, firs,first, fit,foot; base,also fit; capable; able fit-haud,foothold, fiver,fever, flamin',flaming, flang,kicked; threw, flannin,flannel, flauchterin',fluttering, flaw,flew, flee,fly; flee,also fly (the insect) fleechin',wheedling; flattering; fawning, fleein',flying; fleeing, fleg,blow; kick; stroke,also scare; frighten fleggin',blowing; kicking; stroking,also scaring; frightening fleyt,terrified; frightened, fling,kick; throw, fling't,kick it; throw it, flit,shift; remove; depart, floatin',floating, flooer,flower, flooers,flowers, floories,little flowers,diminutive flure,floor, flutterin',fluttering, followin',following, forbears,ancestors; forefathers, forby,as well; as well as; besides,also over and above forbye,as well; as well as; besides,also over and above forenichts,fore-nights; early evenings,also late afternoons foreordeen't,foreordained, foret,forward, forfochten,worn out; exhausted, forgettin',forgetting, forgie,forgive, for's,for his, for't,for it, fortnicht,fortnight; two weeks, fother,fodder; provision, foughten,fought, foul-fa',devil take; evil befall, foul-mou'd,foul-mouthed, fourt,fourth, fower,four, fowk,folk, fowks,folks, fra,from, frae,from, frae't,from it, free,frank; outspoken; genial; familiar, freely,quite; very; thoroughly, frein',friend, frichtit,frightened; scared away, frien',friend, frien's,friends, fu',full; very; much, fule,fool, fules,fools, fumblin',fumbling, fun',found, fundation,foundation, fund't,founded, furth,forth, fushionless,pithless; tasteless; feeble, fusionless,pithless; tasteless; feeble, futteret,weasel,term of contempt fykes,trifles; troubles; cares; whims, gad,iron bar, gae,gave,also go ga'e,gave, gaed,went, gaein,going, gaein',going, gaeins,goings, gairden,garden, gait,way; fashion,also route; street gaither,gather, gaits,ways,also routes; streets gane,gone, gane hame,gone home,also passed away; died gang,go; goes; depart; walk, gang yer wa's,go on, gangs,goes; walks, gar,cause; make; compel, garred,made; caused; compelled, garrin',making; causing; compelling, gars,makes; causes; compels, gart,made; caused; compelled, gaun,going, gear,possessions; money; property,also livestock geid,gave, gentlefowk,gentlefolk; gentry, gerss,grass, gether,gather, gethered,gathered, getna,do not get, gettin',getting, gey,fairly; considerably,also considerable gey and,somewhat; rather, ghaist,ghost; soul; spirit, ghaistly,ghostly, gie,give, gie a lift,give a helping hand, gied,gave, giein,giving, giein',giving, gien,if; as if; then; whether,also given gi'en,given, gien't,if it,also given it gies,gives, gie's,gives; give us; give his, gie't,give it, gif,if; whether, gimp,slender; neat, gin,if; as if; then; whether, gin't,if it, girnel,granary; meal-chest, girnel-kist,meal-chest, girnell,granary; meal-chest, girnin',grimacing; snarling, girns,grimaces; snarls; twists the features, girrl,girl, girse,grass, glaid,glad, glaidle,gladly, glaidness,gladness, glaiss,glass, gleanins,gleanings, gleg,quick; lively; smart; quick-witted, gleg ee,quick or sharp eye (to notice things), gleg-eed,quick-eyed; sharp eyed, gleg-ee'd,quick-eyed; sharp eyed, glimmerin',glimmering, glimmert,glimmered, glimp,glimpse; glance,also the least degree glimp',glimpse; glance,also the least degree glinted,twinkled; glittered, glintin',twinkling; glittering, gloamin,twilight; dusk, gloamin',twilight; dusk, glorifeed,glorified, glowered,stared; gazed; scowled, glowerin',staring; gazing; scowling, glowert,stared; gazed; scowled, God-fearin',God-fearing, gomeril,fool; blockhead, goo,taste; odour; smell, goody,old woman,also child's name for a sweet goon,gown, gowd,gold, gowden,golden, gowk,cuckoo; fool; blockhead, grainie,little particle; little bit,diminutive grainy,little particle; little bit, graip,three-pronged fork,used in farming graivitation,gravitation, gran',grand; capital; first-rate, gran'-dochter,grand-daughter, grandur,grandeur, gran'mither,grandmother, grat,cried; wept, gravestanes,gravestones; tombstones; headstones, greet,cry; weep, greetin,crying; weeping, greetin',crying; weeping, greit,cry; weep, greitin,crying; weeping, greitin',crying; weeping, grin',grind, grip,grasp; understand,also hold grips,grasps; understands,seizures; colic grit,great; big, grosert,gooseberry, growin,growing, growin',growing, growlin',growling, grue,feeling of horror; tremor,also tremble grummle,grumble, grun',ground, gruntit,grunted,also grumbled; complained grutten,cried; wept, guairdian,guardian, guddle,mangle, guddlet,mangled, gude,good,also God gude wife,mistress of the house; wife,also farmer's wife gudewife,mistress of the house; wife,also farmer's wife gueed,good,also God guid,good,also God guide,treat; handle; look after; manage; keep, guidit,treated; handled; managed, guidman,master; husband; head of household,also farmer guidwife,mistress of the house; wife,also farmer's wife guiss,guess, guissin',guessing, gumption,common-sense; shrewdness, gurglin',gurgling, gutter-partans,gutter crab, ha',have,also hall; house hadna,had not, hae,have; has,also here; understand haein,having, haein',having, haeing,having, haena,have not; do not have, haena',have not; do not have, hae't,have it, haill,whole, hained,saved; hoard; shield, hairm,harm, Hairries,Harrys, hairst,harvest, hairst-play,school holidays during harvest, Haith!,Faith!,exclamation of surprise half-a-croon,half-crown; half a crown,=2 shillings and 6 pence half-gaits,half-way, half-hoor,half-hour, hame,home, han',hand, handit,handed, han'fu',handful, hangin',hanging, hangt,hanged, han'le,handle, han's,hands, hantel,much; large quantity; far, hantle,much; large quantity; far, happent,happened, happin',hopping, h'ard,heard, hardent,hardened, hard-hertit,hard-hearted, hards,what of boiled food,adheres to the pot hard-workin',hard-working, harlin',rough-casting a wall,with a mixture of mortar and gravel hasna,does not have; has not; hasn't, haud,hold; keep, hauden,held; kept, haudin',holding; keeping, hauds,holds; keeps, hause,neck; throat, haven,heaven, haverin',talking incoherently; babbling, havers,nonsense; foolish talk; babble, haythen,heathen, he that will to Coupar maun to Coupar,a wilful man must have his way, heap,very much,also heap hearin',hearing, heark,listen, hearken,hearken; hear; listen, hearkened,hearkened; heard; listened, hearkenin',hearkening; listening, hearkent,hearkened; heard; listened, hearthstane,hearthstone, Hech!,Oh! strange!,a sighing exclamation heedlong,headlong, heedna,heed not; do not heed, heep,very much,also heap heepocreet,hypocrite, heid,head; heading, heidit,headed, heid-quarters,headquarters, heids,heads; headings, helpin',helping, her lane,on her own; her alone, hermaphrodeet,hermaphrodite, herrin,herring, herrin',herring, hersel,herself, hersel',herself, hersel's,herself has; herself is, hert,heart, herts,hearts, hert-sair,heart sore, herty,heartily; hearty, het,hot; burning, heumble,humble, heumbly,humbly, hidin',hiding,also beating; thrashing hidin'-place,hidding place, Hielanman,Highland man, hillo,,a call to attract attention him lane,on his own; him alone, himsel,himself, himsel',himself, hinder,hinder; hind; latter, hing,hang, hingin',hanging, hinner,hinder; hind; latter, hinner en',end; end of life, hinner-en',end; end of life, hinnie,honey, hirin',hiring, hirple,limp; hobble, hirpling,limping; hobbling, hit,it,emphatic hizzie,hussy; silly girl, hizzies,hussies; silly girls, hogsheid,hogshead; large barrel or cask, hoo,how, hooever,however, hooly,slowly; cautiously; gently,also 'take your time' hooly and fairly,slowly and gently, hoor,hour, hoors,hours, hoo's,how is, hoose,house; home, hoose-gear,household goods, hooses,houses; homes, hoose-taps,house-tops, hoosie,little house,diminutive hoot,pshaw,exclamation of doubt or contempt hoot toot,tut!,exclamation of annoyance hoots,pshaw,exclamation of doubt or contempt horn,comb,also horn Horney,the devil, horsie,little horse,diminutive host,cough, hough,man's leg or thigh, houp,hope, houpes,hopes, houpfu',hopeful, houps,hopes, how,hollow; valley; glen, howdie,midwife, howk,dig; excavate, howkin',digging; excavating, hoydenish,inelegantly,also inelegant; homely hungert,starved, hunner,hundred, hurtit,hurt, huz,us,emphatic i',in; into, I doobt,I know; I suspect, I doot,I know; I suspect, I doubt,I know; I suspect, I s' awa.,I'm off.; I'd better go., I wad,I know; I assure (you), idleset,idleness; frivolous amusement,also laziness ile,oil, ilka,every; each,also common; ordinary ill,bad; evil; hard; harsh; badly,also misfortune; harm 'ill,will, ill-aff,poor; miserable; badly off, ill-contrived,tricky; mischievous,also badly behaved; ill-tempered ill-designed,evilly disposed, ill-faured,unbecoming; ill-mannered; clumsy,also unpleasant; unsavoury ill-guide,mismanage; ill-treat, ill-guideship,mismanagement; ill-treatment, ill-nater'd,ill-natured, ill-natert,ill-natured, ill-pleased,not pleased; unhappy, ill-tongued,foul-tongued; abusive, 'im,him, imaigin',imagine, imaigine,imagine, impidence,impudence, impident,impudent, impruvment,improvement, incomins,comings in, incontinent,forthwith; immediately, indwellin',indwelling, ingle-neuk,chimney-corner or recess; fireside, in's,in his, insicht,insight, instruc',instruct, instruck,instruct, in't,in it, intendit,intended , interrup',interrupt, intil,into; in; within, intil's,into his; into us, intil't,into it, inveesible,invisible, Is',I should; I shall, isna,is not; is no, isna't,is it not, is't,is it, ither,other; another; further,also else; otherwise ithers,others, itsel,itself, itsel',itself, itsel's,itself is, jabberin',chattering; idle talking, jabble,ripple; small broken waves, jaud,lass; girl; worthless woman,old worn-out horse jawd,lass; girl; worthless woman,old worn-out horse jawds,lasses; girls; worthless women,old worn-out horses jawin',talking; chattering, jaws,billows; splashes; surges; waves, Jeames,James, jeedge,judge, jeedgement,judgement, jeedgment,judgement, jeerin',mocking, jeest,jest; joke, jeist,jest, jeistin',jesting, jiffie,moment, jine,join, jined,joined, jist,just, jokin',joking, jummlin',jumbling, jumps,tallies; coincides,also eagerly accepts kail,colewort,also food; dinner keekin',looking; peeping; prying, keekit,looked; peeped; spied, keepin',keeping, keepit,kept, ken,know; be acquainted with; recognise, kenna,do not know, kenned,known; knew, kennin,knowing, kennin',knowing, kens,knows, kensna,does not know, kent,known; knew, ken't,know it, kentna,did not know, kettlefu',kettleful, key-stane,key-stone, killin',killing, killoguin,plotting; conspiring, killt,killed, kin',kind; nature; sort; agreeable,also somewhat; in some degree kin'-herted,kind-hearted, kin'-hertit,kind-hearted, kin'list,kindliest, kin'ness,kindness, kirk,church, kirk-buiks,kirk-session's records or minute-books, kirkies,little churches,diminutive kirkyard,churchyard, kirk-yard,churchyard, kirsten,christen, kist,chest; coffer; box; chest of drawers, kitchie,kitchen,also addition or relish to plain fare kittle,ticklish, kittlin',kitten, kye,cattle; cows, laad,lad; boy,term of commendation or reverence laads,lads; boys,term of commendation or reverence labourin',labouring, laddie,boy,term of affection laddies,boys,term of affection lade,load, ladles,small wooden box with a long handle,for collecting offerings in church laft,loft, laich,low; inferior, lainch,launch, laip,leap, laird,landed proprietor; squire; lord, laist,last, Laitin,Latin, lamentin',lamenting, lammie,little lamb,term of endearment lammies,little lambs,term of endearment lan',land; country; ground, lane,lone; alone; lonely; solitary, lanes,lone; alone, lanesome,lonesome, lang,long; big; large; many,also slow; tedious langer,longer, langheided,shrewd; far-seeing; intelligent, lang-leggit,long legged, lang's,long as, lang-sichtit,far-sighted, langsome,slow; tedious; weary, lap,leaped, lass,girl; young woman,term of address lass-bairns,female children; girl children, lasses,girls; young women, lassie,girl,term of endearment lassies,girls,term of endearment lat,let; allow, lat ower,swallow, lat's,let's; let us; let his, lattin,letting; allowing, lattin',letting; allowing, lauch,laugh, lauchen,laughed, lauchin,laughing, lauchin',laughing, lauchs,laughs, lauchter,laughter, lave,rest; remainder; others,also leave laverock,lark (type of bird), lay awa',to lay eggs in out-of-the-way places,used of hens layin',laying, lay't,lay it, lea',leave, leal,loyal; faithful; sincere; true, learnin',learning,also teaching learnt,learned,also taught leddies,ladies, leddy,lady,also boy; lad; laddy lee,pasture; fallow ground,also shelter from wind or rain; lie leeberties,liberties, leeberty,liberty, leebrarian,librarian, leebrary,library, leein',lying; telling lies, lee-lang,whole, leemited,limited, lees,lies, leevin',living; living being, leisur',leisure, leme,gleam, lemin',blazing; gleaming; flashing, len',lend; give; grant,also loan lenth,length, len'th,length, len'ths,lengths, lere,lore, leuch,laughed, leuk,look; watch; appearance, leukin,looking; watching, licht,light, lichter,lighter, licht-heidit,light-headed, lichtlied,made light of; disparaged,also despised; scorned lichtnin',lightning, lichts,lights, lick,thrash; punish; whip,also small quantity licked,thrashed; punished; whipped, lickin',thrashing; punishment; whipping, licking,thrashing; punishment; whipping, lickins,thrashings; punishments; whippings, lickit,thrashed; punished; whipped,also licked licks,thrashes; punishments; whips, lift,load; boost; lift; helping hand,also sky; heavens liftin',lifting, liftit,lifted, liker,more like; better suited, likest,most like, likin',liking, likit,liked, likly,likely, limmer,rascal; rogue,also loose woman; prostitute links,stretch of sandy grass-covered ground,near the seashore lintie,linnet; type of finch (bird), lippen,trust; depend on,also look after lippent,trusted; depended on,also looked after litster,dyer, livin',living, 'll,will, loadent,loaded, lockit,locked, lo'e,love, lo'ed,loved, lo'ein',loving, lo'es,loves, longin',longing, lood,loud, loof,palm of the hand,also hoof lookin',looking, loon,rascal; rogue; ragamuffin,also boy; lad loons,rascals; rogues; ragamuffins,also boys; lads loot,let; allowed; permitted, looten,let; allowed, lore,talk; conversation, Losh!,corrupt form of 'Lord',exclamation of surprise or wonder losin',losing, lot,let, loun,rascal; rogue; ragamuffin,also boy; lad loup,leap; jump; spring, loupin',leaping; jumping; springing, lousened,loosened, low,flame, lowerin',stooping, lowin',flaming, lown,calm; serene; sheltered, lowne,calm; serene; sheltered, lowse,loose; free,also dishonest; immoral luckie,old woman, lucky,old woman, lug,ear; fin (fish); handle,also shallow wooden dish lugs,ears, luik,look, luik'd,looked, luikin,looking, luikin',looking, luikit,looked, luiks,looks, luik't,looked, lum,chimney, lyin',lying, 'm,him, magistrand,student about to become M.A.,at Aberdeen University magistrands,students about to become M.A.,at Aberdeen University mainner,manner, mainners,manners, mair,more; greater, mairgin,margin, mairtyrs,martyrs, maist,most; almost, 'maist,almost, maister,master; mister,also schoolmaster maistly,mostly; most of all, maitter,matter, maitters,matters, mak,make; do, mak',make; do, makin',making; doing, maks,makes; does, mak's,makes; does, mappy,bunny; rabbit, mathemawtics,mathematics, mathewmawtics,mathematics, maukin,hare,also a reference to a poem by Burns maun,must; have to; has to, maunna,must not; may not, mayhap,perhaps; maybe, mayna,may not, meal-mull,meal mill, mealy-mou'd,mealy-mouthed, meanin',meaning, meddlet,meddled, meeserable,miserable, meetin,meeting, meetin',meeting, mem,Ma'am; Miss; Madam, men',mend, mendit,mended; healed, men'in',mending; healing, menseless,ill-bred; boorish; unmannerly, men't,mended, meowlin,mewing, merchan's,merchants; shopkeepers, mercifu',merciful; favourable, merryin',marrying; getting married, metapheesical,metaphysical, micht,might, michtna,might not, michty,mighty; God, midden,dunghill; manure pile, middlin',tolerable; mediocre; fairly well, midnicht,midnight, mids,midst; middle, mids',midst; middle, millstane,millstone, min',mind; recollection,also recollect; remember; remind mind,mind; recollection,also recollect; remember; remind min'd,minded; recollected; remembered,also reminded mindit,minded; recollected; remembered,also reminded minds,reminds, ministerin',ministering, minnie,mother; mommy,pet name minnisters,ministers, min's,minds; reminds; recollects, mint,insinuate; hint; feign,also aim at; attempt mintin',insinuating; hinting; feigning,also aiming at; attempting mirk,darkness; gloom; night, misbelief,unbelief, misca'd,spoke evil of; scolded; called names,also misnamed misca's,speaks evil of; scolds; calls names, mischeef,mischief; injury; harm, misdoobt,doubt; disbelieve; suspect, misgreein',growing stunted or crooked, misgrugled,disfigured; marred; handled roughly, misguided,wasted; mismanaged; ill-used, misguidit,wasted; mismanaged; ill-used, missionar,missionary, missionars,missionaries, mista'en,mistaken, mista'en',mistaken, mistak,mistake, mistak',mistake, mistakin',mistaking, mistak's,mistake as, mither,mother, mithers,mothers, mixter,mixture, mock,fun; jest; sham; swindle, Mononday,Monday, mony,many, mooly,earthy; earth-stained, moonlicht,moonlight, moose,mouse, mornin',morning, mou,mouth, mou',mouth, moudiwarp,mole, moufu',mouthful, mou'fu',mouthful, moul',mould; loose earth; top soil, mouls,moulds; soils; graves, mous,mouths, mou's,mouths, mowse,joke; jest, 'msel',himself, muck,wet dung; mud; mire, muckle,huge; enormous; big; great; much, mull,snuff-box,also mill mune,moon, munelicht,moonlight, munsie,monsieur; contemptible figure,also spectacle through ill-treatment murlocks,crumbs; fragments, murrin',purring; murmuring, mutch,woman's cap with protruding frill,worn under the bonnet mutched,wearing a mutch or woman's cap, mutches,woman's caps with protruding frill,worn under the bonnet mutterin',muttering, muv,move; affect, My certy!,Take my word for it!, my lane,on my own, mysel,myself, mysel',myself, na,no; none; not; by no means,an exclamation of surprise nae,no; none; not, naebody,nobody; no one, naething,nothing, nainsel',one's own self, naisty,nasty, naiteral,natural, nane,none, nate,neat, nater,nature, nateral,natural, natur,nature, natur',nature, naturs,natures, nay-say,to deny; refuse; contradict, nearhan',nearly; almost; near by, near-han',nearly; almost; near by, neb,tip; point; nib; beak; nose, necessar',necessary, neebor,neighbour, neebors,neighbours, needfu',needful; necessary; needy, needin',needing, needna,do not need; need not, neep,turnip, neeps,turnips, neglec,neglect, neglec',neglect, negleck,neglect, neip,turnip, neist,next; nearest, neuk,nook; recess; interior angle,also corner neyther,neither, nib,point; tip; human nose, nicher,snigger, nicherin',sniggering, nicht,night; evening, nichts,nights, nickerin',neighing; whinnying; sniggering, nickum,mischievous and tricky boy, nigh-han',nearly, niz,nose, no,not, no mowse,not to be meddled with, noathing,nothing, noo,now, noo's,now is, nor,than; although; if,also nor norsin',nursing, nott,(bank) note, notwithstandin',notwithstanding, nowther,neither, nummer,number, o',of; on, objec',object, objecs,objects, obleeged,obliged, Od,disguised form of 'God',mince oath odds,consequence; change, offendin',offending, ohn,without; un-,uses past participle not present progressive 'oman,woman, ony,any, ony gait,anyway, onybody,anybody; anyone, onygait,anyway, onyhoo,anyhow, onything,anything, ook,week, oolets,owls, oor,our, oors,ours, oorsels,ourselves, oot,out, ootgang,going out; exit, ootgoins,goings out, ootlandish,outlandish, ootlay,outlay, ootluik,outlook, ootricht,outright, oots,outs, ootside,outside, opeenion,opinion, open'd,opened, openin',opening, opingon,opinion, or,before; ere; until; by,also or orderin',ordering, ordinar,ordinary; usual; natural,also custom; habit ordinar',ordinary; usual; natural,also custom; habit oreeginal,original, ou,oh, oucht,anything; all,also ought oughtna,ought not, ow,oh,exclamation of surprise ower,over; upon; too, owercome,overcome; recover, owerheard,overheard, owerluik,overlook, ower-turn,overturn, Paceefic,Pacific (Ocean), pailace,palace, pairis,parrish, pairt,part, pairtin',parting, pairtit,parted, pairts,parts, pan,skull; head, pandies,strokes on the palm with a cane,form of punishment pandy,stroke on the palm with a cane,form of punishment pang,pain; ache,also pack to the utmost; cram Paradees,Paradise, parritch,oatmeal porridge, pat,put; made, patchin',patching, pauky,shrewd; cunning; knowing; artful, Pawtmos,Patmos, payin',paying, peat-moss,place where peats are dug, peddlin',peddling, peety,pity, peggin',hammering; beating, peowpils,pupils, perfec,perfect, perishin',perishing, perswaud,persuade, Pheelip,Philip, pheesiology,physiology, Phillisteens,Philistines, philoasophy,philosophy, picket,strike on the knuckles,also choice; dressed; pickit,picked, piece,slice of bread; lunch,also piece (of oat-cake) pig,stone bottle, pikin',picking; gathering; pilfering, pint,point, pints,points, pirn,reel; bobbin,on which thread is wound pit,put; make,also pit pitawta,potato, pitawtas,potatoes, pits,puts; makes,also pits pitten,put; made, pittin,putting; making, pittin',putting; making, pityin',pitying, plack,the smallest coin,worth 1/3 of a penny plaguesome,annoying; troublesome, plaguit,plagued; troubled, plaid,plaid used as a blanket, plantin',plantation, play,school holidays during harvest,see hairst-play; also holiday; game playin',playing, pleesant,pleasant, pleesur,pleasure, pleesur',pleasure, pleuch,plough, pliskie,trick; prank; practical joke, plooed,ploughed, plooin',ploughing, ploy,amusement; sport; escapade, ploys,amusements; sports; escapades, pluckit,plucked, plunky,preparation of treacle and flour, pock,smallpox, pooch,pocket; pouch, pooches,pockets, pooer,power, poor,pour,also poor pose,hoard; secret store; savings, positeevely,positively, potty,putty, poun',pound (sterling), pour,steady flow; heavy shower, powther,powder, praiched,preached, Praise be thankit!,,exclamation of thanks to God praisin',praising, prankin',prancing, prayin',praying, preachin',preaching, preceese,precise, precenter,one who leads the singing, precentor,one who leads the singing, pree,taste; try; prove; experience, preeviledges,privileges, preevileege,privilege, prencipal,principal; capital sum (of a loan), prenciple,principle, prenciples,principles, prent,print, preparet,prepared, press,wall-cupboard with shelves, preten',pretend, pretendit,pretended, pretennin',pretending, prin,pin, proaper,proper, proceedin',proceeding, proceedins,proceedings, procleemed,proclaimed, prood,proud, prophecee,prophecy, prophecees,prophecies, propheseein',prophesying, prospec',prospect, pruv,prove, pu',pull, public,public house; pub, public-hoose,public house; pub, pu'd,pulled, pu'ed,pulled, puir,poor, pump,beer-shop,also pump pun',pound (sterling), pyke,pick; pluck,also steal; pilfer quaiet,quiet, quaiet sough,quiet tongue, quaieter,quieter, quaietest,quietest, quaietit,quieted, quaietly,quietly, quaietness,quietness, quawlifee,qualify, quean,queen; young girl; hussy, queston,question,also sum questons,questions,also sums quhilk,which; who, quittance,quittance; riddance, quo',swore; said; quoth, rackit,wrenched; strained, rade,rode, rael,real, railly,really, raither,rather, rale,real; true; very, rampaugin',rampaging, rampin',stamping about in fury, rarely,excellently, rase,rose, rashes,rushes, rave,tore, rax,extend; overdo it; stretch,also hand; pass; reach readin',reading, reamy,creamy, recogneeze,recognize, redd,set in order; tidy; clean; comb, reek,smoke; mist; fog; smell, reeks,billows of smoke, reelin',reeling, reestlin',rustling, reet,root, referrin',referring, regaird,regard, regairdet,regarded, regairds,regards, reglar,regular, reid,red, reid-het,red hot, reid-wud,fiercely or wildly angry, remarkin',remarking, remeid,remedy; cure; redress, remembert,remembered, remin',remind, remin't,reminded, rendert,rendered, repentin',repenting, repentit,repented, reposin',reposing, respec,respect, respec',respect, respeck,respect; consider worthy, restin',resting, rheumateese,rheumatism, rheumateeze,rheumatism, rheumatize,rheumatism, richt,right; correct,also mend richteous,righteous, richteousness,righteousness, richtful,rightful, richtly,rightly; certainly; positively, richts,rights, richtyisness,righteousness, riddlet,riddled, ridickleous,ridiculous, riggin,ridge; roof, riggin',ridge; roof, riggin-stane,stone forming part of the ridge,of a roof riggin-tree,rooftree; ridge-beam of the house, rigwiddie,stubborn in disposition, rin,run, ringin',ringing, rinnin',running, rins,runs, rintheroot,gadabout; homeless vagrant; tramp, ripe,search thoroughly,also clear an obstruction risin',rising, rist,rest, rive,rent; tear; tug; wrench,also; fight rivin',renting; tearing; tugging; wrenching,also riven; torn; burst; fighting rizzon,reason, rizzonable,reasonable, road-metal,broken stones used for road repair, roarin',roaring, roddin,mountain-ash (tree), roon,around; round, roon',around; round, roost,rust, roostit,rusted, rory-bories,aurora borealis, rosten,roasting, rottan-holes,rat holes, rottans,rats, rottit,rotted, rouch,rough, roun,around; round,also whisper roun',around; round, roup,sale by auction, roupin',selling by auction, roupit,sold at auction, rousin',rousing, row,roll; wrap up; wind, rowin',rolling; wrapping up; winding, royt,frolicsome; unruly; wild; riotous, ruggin',pulling forcibly; tugging; tearing, rulin',ruling, 's,us; his; as; is,also has s',shall, sae,so; as, saft,muddy; soft; silly; foolish, safter,muddier; softer; sillier, saft-hertit,soft-hearted, saicrifeesed,sacrificed, saiddle,saddle, sailin',sailing, sair,sore; sorely; sad; hard; very; greatly,also serve; satisfy sair heid,headache, saired,served, sairer,harder; sadder; sorer, sairest,sorest; hardest; saddest, saitisfeed,satisfied, saiven,seven, saivenpence,sevenpence, saivent,seventh, sall,shall, san',sand, sanct,saint, sancts,saints, sang,song, sang-buik,songbook, sangs,songs, sanna,shall not, sark,shirt, sarks,shirts, sattle,settle, sattled,settled, saut,salt, savin',saving,also except savours,unctions, saw,sow, Sawbath,Sabbath; Sunday, saws,sows, Sawtan,Satan, Sawton,Satan, sax,six, saxpence,sixpence, saxpences,sixpences, saxpenny,sixpence, sayin',saying, say't,say it, scart,scratch; strike a match; scrape, scathe,injury; loss; damage, scatterin',scattering, scaur,cliff; bare place on the side of a hill, schochlin',waddling; mean, schoolin',schooling; education, schuil,school, schule,school, scomfish,suffocate; smother; choke, scoonrel,scoundrel, scraich,shriek; scream; bird's shrill cry, screed,recite rapidly; talk tediously; reel off,also scraping sound; long thin strip screeds,recites rapidly; talks tediously,also scraping sounds; long thin strips screwin',screwing; scraping, scrimpit,stunted, Scripter,Scripture, Scriptur,Scripture, Scriptur',Scripture, scunners,disgusts, scushlin,slide; shuffle in walking, scushlin',sliding; shuffling in walking, seck,sack, seein',seeing, seekin',seeking, see't,see it, sel',self, semi,second year's university student,especially at Aberdeen University sen',send, senawtus,senatus, servan',servant, servan's,servants, servin',serving, set,set out; start off; become,also inclined; disposed Setterday,Saturday, settin',setting, Shackspere,Shakespeare, shaidow,shadow, shaidows,shadows, shairper,sharper, shak',shake, shanna,shall not, shargar,thin stunted person; scrag, shaw,show; reveal,also grove sheave,slice, sheued,scared away; frightened away, shillin',shilling, shillins,shillings, shimmerin',shimmering, shinin',shining, shochlin',waddling; in-kneed, shoonless,shoeless; without shoes, shoothers,shoulders, shore,reaped; cut, short-sichtit,near-sighted, shouther,shoulder, shouthers,shoulders, shuits,suits, shune,shoes, sib,relation; akin; closely related, sic,such; so; similar, sicht,sight, sichtit,sighted, sichts,sights, sicker,secure; safe; firm; sure, sickerer,more secure; more sure, signin',signing, siller,silver; money; wealth, sin,since; ago; since then,also sin; sun sin',since; ago; since then, singin',singing, sipple,tipple, sittin',sitting, sizzon,season, skatcher,skate, sleek,smooth, sleepin',sleeping, sleepit,slept, slidin',sliding, slippit,slipped, slocken,slake; drench; quench, sloomin',slinking; sneaking, slow-fittit,slow footed, sma',small; little; slight; narrow; young, smatchit,pert impudent child, smellin',smelling, smiddy,blacksmith's workshop, smilet,smiled, smilin',smiling, smokin',smoking; smouldering, smokit,smoked, smoored,smothered; suffocated; stifled, smore,smother; suffocate; stifle, smo'red,smothered; suffocated; stifled, snaw,snow, sneeshin,snuff, sneeshin',snuff, snod,smooth; neat; trim; tidy; snug, snodded,smoothed; trimmed; tidied, snoot,snout; nose; face, snubbert,nose; snout,contemptuous sock,ploughshare, socks,ploughshares, sod,sad, some,somewhat; rather; quite; very,also some somehoo,somehow, somewhaur,somewhere, sonsy,well conditioned; good-tempered, soo,ache; throb,also sow sook,sip; drink; suck, sooks,sucks, soord,sword, souffin',whistling in a low tone; humming, sough,sigh; sound of wind; deep breath, soun',sound, soun'est,soundest, sounies,little sounds,diminutive sowl,soul, spait,spate; flood, spak,spoke, spak',spoke, spale,woodchip; woodshaving, spales,woodchips; woodshavings, spanged,leaped; bounded; sprung; spanned, sparin',sparing, spate,spate; flood, speakin',speaking, spean,wean, speerit,spirit, speerits,spirits, speeritual,spiritual, speik,speak, speiken,speaking, speikin',speaking, speir,ask; enquire; question, speired,asked; enquired; questioned, speirin',asking; enquiring; questioning, speirt,asked; enquired; questioned, spells,woodchips; woodshavings, spen'in',spending, speyk,speak, speyks,speaks, spidder,spider, spied,to prophesy?,possible past participle of spae spier,ask; enquire; question, spiered,asked; enquired; questioned, spiers,asks; enquires; questions, spinnin',spinning, spite,provocation; disappointment, spither,spider, squaure,square, stack,stuck, staiggerin',staggering, stammachfu',stomachful, stammack,stomach, stan',stand; stop, stane,stone,also measure of weight; 1 stone = 14 pounds stanes,stones, stan'in,standing, stan'in',standing, stank,ditch; moat; pond, stannin',standing, stan's,stands, starnie,very small quantity, starns,stars, startit,started, statin',stating, stave,short song, stealin',stealing, steekin',shutting; closing; clenching, steekit,shut; closed; clenched, steid,stayed, steikit,shut; closed; clenched; stopped, stent,leave off; cease; stop, sterns,stars, stew,dust; vapour; smoke,also stench; stink sticket,stuck; gored,also unsuccessful or failing in one's profession sticket minister,probationer who fails to obtain a,settled charge stickin',sticking; goring, stickit,stuck; gored,also unsuccessful or failing in one's profession stickit minister,probationer who fails to obtain a,settled charge stile,gate; passage over a wall, stinkin',stinking, stirkie,little steer; stupid fellow,diminutive stockin',stocking, stockin'-fit,feet clothed in stockings,i.e. without shoes stoon,ache; throb, stoor,dust (cloud); spray; gush, stoorum,thin porridge; gruel, stoppin',stopping, stoppit,stopped, stour,dust (cloud); spray; gush, stown't,stolen it, straik,stroke; blow; caress; comb,also streak stramash,uproar; tumult; fuss; brawl, strand,stream; rivulet;,also gutter strang,strong, strath,valley or plain,through which a river runs straucht,straighten; straight, strauchtforet,straightforward; forthwith, straughtways,straightway, stravaguin',saunter; stroll; go about aimlessly, stucken,stuck, stud,stood, study,anvil, stule,stool, stumpin',hobbling; walking with a wooden leg, subjec,subject, subjec',subject, suckin',sucking; nursing, sucklin's,sucklings, sud,should, sudna,should not, sufferin',suffering, sune,soon; early, suner,sooner, sune's,soon as, sung,singed, sunlicht,sunlight, sup,drink, supperstitious,superstitious, supposin',supposing, sutor,shoemaker; cobbler, swall,swell,also swallow; devour swallowin',swallowing, swarmin',swarming, sweepit,swept, sweer,swear,also lazy; slow; reluctant sweerin',swearing, sweir,swear, sweirin',swearing, sweyp,sweep, swimmin',swimming, syne,ago; since; then; at that time,also in (good) time 't,it, tae,toe; also tea,also the one; to taed,toad, taen,taken; seized, ta'en,taken; seized, taes,toes, tag,whip; scourge,leather strap cut into strips taicklet,tackled, taings,tongs; prongs, tak,take; seize, tak',take; seize, tak tent,look out; pay attention; watch; care, tak' tent,look out; pay attention; watch; care, takin',taking, taks,takes; seizes, tak's,takes; seizes,also take his Tam,Tom, tane,the one,also taken tap,top; tip; head, tap-dressin',top-dressing, tappit,crested; having a top, tappit hen,Scottish quart-measure of ale/claret, tards,whip; scourge,leather strap cut into strips tauld,told, taws,leather strap cut into strips,used for school punishment tawse,leather strap cut into strips,used for school punishment tay,tea; supper, teachin',teaching, ted,child; diminutive person,term of disgust teetles,titles, tellin',telling, tellt,told, tell't,told, telt,told, tent,attention; care; heed; notice, tertians,third year's students in arts,at Aberdeen University teuk,took, thack,thatch; cover; roof, thae,those; these, Thamas,Thomas, than,then,also than thankfu',thankful, thankin',thanking, thankit,thanked, the day,today, the morn,tomorrow, the morn's,tomorrow is,also tomorrow the nicht,tonight, the noo,just now; now, thegither,together, them-lanes,on their own; alone, themsels,themselves, themsel's,themselves, theroot,outside; out there; out-of-doors, thievin',thieving, thinkin',thinking, thocht,thought, thochtless,thoughtless, thochtna,did not think, thochts,thoughts, thoom,thumb, thoomb,thumb, thoosan',thousand, thoucht,thought, thouchts,thoughts, thow,thaw, thrang,full; well filled; busy; crowded, thrapple,windpipe; throat, thrashin',threshing; beating, thrashol',threshold, thraw,throw; turn; twist, thrawin',throwing; turning; twisting, thrawn,thrown; turned; twisted, thrivin',thriving, throng,intimate, throosh,thrashed; beat, throu,through, throu',through, throughoot,throughout, throuither,confused; disorderly, throu't,through it, throw,through, til,to; till; until; about; at; before, till,to; till; until; about; at; before, till's,to his; to us, till't,to it, timmer,timber; wood, timmer-leg,wooden leg, tint,lost; got lost, tippit,tipped, tither,the other, to the fore,remaining, tobawco,tobacco, tooer,tower, toom,empty; unload, toomed,emptied; unloaded, toon,town; village, toon-en',end of the main street,of a town or village toons,towns; villages, toot,tut!,exclamation of annoyance Toots!,Tuts!; Tush!, toun,town; village, tow,rope; string; cable, towie,string, towmon,twelvemonth; year, trail,drag forcibly; haul along, train-ile,train oil; whale oil, traitet,treated, traivel,travel, traivellin',travelling, translatin',translating, treatin',treating, triacle,treacle, tribble,trouble, trimles,trembles, triumphin',triumphing, troublin',troubling, trouth,truth; indeed,also used as an exclamation trowth,truth; indeed,also used as an exclamation truf,turf; sod; peat, truff,turf; sod; peat, tryin',trying, 'ts,its, 'tsel',itself, tuik,took, tumler,tumbler; glass (of whisky), turnin',turning, twa,two; a few, twa three,several, twal,twelve, twal',twelve, 'twar,it were, 'twas,it was, 'tween,between, twistin',twisting, 'twixt,betwixt; between, tyke,dog,also rough clownish fellow tykes,dogs, tyne,lose; get lost; miss, tynes,loses; gets lost; misses, ugsome,disgusting; frightful; ghastly, unce,ounce, unceevil,uncivil, unco,unknown; odd; strange; uncouth,also very great unco',unknown; odd; strange; uncouth,also very great undertakin',undertaking, ungratefu',ungrateful, unner,under, unnerstan',understand, unnerstans,understands, unnertook,undertook, unrichteous,unrighteous, unshuitable,unsuitable, up the stair,upstairs,also to heaven upbraidin',upbraiding, upbringin',upbringing; education; training, uphaud,uphold; maintain; support, upliftit,uplifted; elated, upmak,make up; compensate,also fabrication; invention upmak',make up; compensate,also fabrication; invention upo',upon; on; to; at, upo's,upon us; upon his, upricht,upright, vaigabon',vagabond, vaigabone,vagabond, vainished,vanished, veesion,vision, verra,very; true; real, vertue,virtue, vertues,virtues, visitin',visiting, vratch,wretch, wa',wall,also way; away wab,web, wacht,weight,also guard; watch wad,would,see also 'I wad'; pledge; promise; wager wadna,would not, wae,woe; sad; sorrowful, waesome,sorrowful; sad, waitin',waiting, Walawa!,lamentation,exclamation of sorrow wale,welt, waled,thrashed, walkin',walking, walleen,well-eyes; quagmire-springs, wame,belly; stomach; womb; hollow, wan,reached; gained; got,also wan wanner,more wan, wantin',wanting; lacking; without; in want of, wantit,wanted, war,were, wark,work; labour,also show of affection warks,works, warl,world; worldly goods,also a large number warl',world; worldly goods,also a large number warld,world, warlock,wizard, warna,were not, warnin',warning, warpit,warped, warran',warrant; guarantee, warst,worst, warstle,wrestle, warstlin',wrestling, wa's,walls,also ways washin',washing, wasna,was not, wast,west, was't,was it, wastit,wasted, wastlin,westward; western, wastrie,waste; extravagance, wastry,waste; extravagance,also prodigal wat,wet,see also 'I wat'; pledge promise watchin',watching, wather,weather, watshod,with wet feet; brimful of tears, watter,water, wauk,wake, waukin',waking, wauk-mill,fulling-mill, waur,worse,also spend money waured,spent (money), wee,small; little; bit,also short time; while weel,well; fine,also happiness; prosperity; weal weel-behaved,well-behaved, weel-deserved,well-deserved, weel-pleased,well-pleased, weel's,well as, weet,wet; dew; rain, weicht,weight, weir,wear,also hedge; fence; enclosure wel,well, weyd,weed, weyds,weeds, weyk,weak, weyver,weaver; knitter,also knitter of stockings; spider wha,who, whaever,whoever, whan,when, whanever,whenever, wha's,who is,also whose whase,whose, What for no?,Why not?, What for?,Why?, whaul,whale, whaul-fishin',whale-fishing; whaling, whauls,whales, whaur,where, whaur's,where is; where has, whaur't,where it, whaurupon,whereupon, wheel,eddy; pool; deep still part of the river,also wheel; see also weel wheelie,wheel,diminutive wheen,little; few; number; quantity, whiles,sometimes; at times; now and then, whilie,short time, whilk,which, wholpies,silly stupid fellows, whuch,which, whunstane,whinstone, whups,whipping, whurlin',whirling, whusky,whisky, whustlin',whistling, wi',with, wice,wise, widdiefows,gallows' birds; scamps,also small ill-tempered persons wifies,women; landladies,term of endearment willin',willing, willin'ly,willingly, wimmen,women, win,reach; gain; get; go; come, win',wind,also reach; gain; get; go; come windin',winding, win'in',winding, winkit,winked, winna,will not, winnock-lug,window corner; side of the window, winnocks,windows, wins,reaches; gains; gets,also winds wi'oot,without, wi's,with us; with his, wiss,wish, wissin',wishing, wi't,with it, wite,blame; reproach; fault, withoot,without, won,reached; gained; got, wonna,will not; won't, wonner,wonder; marvel, wonnerfu,wonderful; great; large, wonnerfu',wonderful; great; large, wonnerin',wondering, wonno,will not, workin',working, worryin',worrying, worshippin',worshipping, wow,woe,exclamation of wonder or grief or satisfaction wrang,wrong; injured, wranged,wronged, wrinklet,wrinkled, wrocht,wrought, wull,will; wish; desire,also astray; stray; wild wumman,woman, wynd,narrow lane or street; alley, wyte,blame; reproach; fault, yairds,yards; gardens,also yards (1 yard = 36 inches) yallow,yellow, ye,you; yourself, ye'll,you will, yer,your,also year yer lane,on your own, yer lanes,on your own, ye're,you are, yerl,earl, yersel,yourself, yersel',yourself, yersels,yourselves, ye't,it to you,also did you [get] it yett,gate, yetts,gates, ye've,you have, yill,ale, yird,earth, yon,that; those; that there; these, yonner,yonder; over there; in that place, yon's,that is; that (thing) there is, younker,youngster, yoursel',yourself, yowth,youth,